- The Coronation Stone
Legend says that the Stone of Destiny
was used as a pillow by Jacob in biblical times. It was believed to
have been brought to Scotland in the 9th century. (Other experts
suggest it was quarried in the Oban area).
It was used as part of the crowning ceremonies of the kings of
Dalriada, in the west of Scotland (now Argyll).
When Kenneth I, the 36th King of Dalriada moved his capital to
Scone from western Scotland around 840AD, the Stone of Destiny was
moved there too. Coronations of Scottish kings took place at Moot
Hill at Scone Palace. There is now only a replica of the stone
John Balliol was the last Scottish king to be crowned on the
stone at Scone in 1292.
The Stone was taken from Scone by King Edward I of England in
1296 and remained under the Coronation Throne at Westminster Abbey
in London for 700 years. However, there have always been theories
that the Scots did not hand over the real stone!
The stone finally came back to Scotland on St Andrew's Day, 30
November 1996, and is housed beside the other Honours of Scotland in
Edinburgh Castle. Historic Scotland examined the stone on its
arrival and pronounced that it was "probably" the original stone
In the event of a future coronation of a British monarch, the
Stone of Destiny is to be temporarily replaced under the Coronation
Throne at Westminster Abbey.
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